Τινα

Attested:  Ptolemy 2,3,5  Τινα river mouth

Where:  Marx (2013) suggested the river Tay, but the argument is too strong that the Tay was Ταουα.  So Τινα must be the river Eden, reaching the sea between St Andrews and Leuchars, in Fife, around NO4819.

Name Origin:  PIE *ten- ‘to stretch’ led to words such as tine and Welsh tyn ‘stretched’.  It may have contributed to several ancient names, including Tinea (Spurn Head), Veratino (Warrington) and Tanatis (Thanet).  Both rivers now called Tyne have sticking-out points at their mouths.  The Tyne on the Isle of Wight was a sticking-out ledge of rocks used as a quarry, and Tyneham, Dorset, sits above a funny little promontory.  So it seems reasonable to guess that Τινα was named for one of the two spurs at its river mouth. 

Notes:  PIE *teng- ‘to soak’ has also been suggested as a source of river names like Tyne.

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Last Edited: 25 June 2016