Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,20 Κοριτανοι, a tribe with 2 πολεις at Lincoln and Leicester
Where: In the English Midlands, judging by the settlements mentioned by Ptolemy.
Name origin: As at the three places called Coria, the Cori- part naturally suggests Latin curia ‘court, tribal assembly’, possibly influenced by PIE *koro- ‘war, war-band’, and/or by Latin coria ‘hides, leather’, and/or by Greek χωρια ‘places’or χωρις ‘apart’. The –tani part is paralleled by the Latin names of at least 15 other ancient peoples; it may be just a banal adjectival ending, but it may also derive from PIE *ten- ‘to extend’.
Notes: Tribal gathering places have been hugely important across the millennia, leaving traces in language and proper names, as well as in archaeology. Two volumes by Allcroft (1927, 1930) explain the relevance of words similar to cori-, with just one key chapter on moot mounds currently available online.
Last Edited: 22 July 2016