Attested: RC Marcotaxon
Where: Ardoch Roman fort, at NN839099, by the river Knaik, near Braco, Perthshire, with several surrounding camps. Described by Woolliscroft and Hoffmann (2006:90-7). Or possibly another fort in the region, to fit RC’s sequence Cermium-Victorie-Marcotaxon-Tagea-Voran.
Name origin: R&C and then R&S explained Marcotaxon with PIE *marko- ‘horse’ (whose descendants include mare and Welsh march ‘horse’) and *tag- ‘to set in order’ (whose descendants include tactics and τασσω ‘draw up in battle order’). However with mons Graupius nearby, one should also consider a purely Latin basis in marcus ‘large hammer’ plus taxo ‘to judge, to reproach’. Maybe Edward I was not the first Hammer of the Scots!
Last Edited: 12 July 2016