Attested:  ND Olenaco or Elenaco

Where:  ND lists this between Bremetenraco (almost certainly Ribchester) and Virosido (possibly Bainbridge).  R&S cautiously suggested the Roman fort at Elslack, which seems plausible, though it was probably also Ptolemy's Ριγοδουνον.

Name origin:  Initial Ole- in this name, plus Olerica, Oleaclavis and Ολικανα, may be related to the initial Ol- in 40 or so ancient personal names that prompted Delamarre (2003) to translate Gaulish *ollos as ‘great’ (like Old Irish oll) but sometimes as ‘all’ (like Welsh oll).  It is not obvious how these relate to the five or more PIE roots of form *al- (or *ol-) or to Latin olea ‘olive’, oleo ‘to smell’, -oleo ‘to grow’, olla ‘pot’, olor ‘swan’, or olyra ‘spelt-like grain’.  PIE *ol- ‘beyond’ (as in ultra, alien, Allemand, etc), might readily form part of a place name.

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Last Edited: 11 December 2016