Uxelodunum

Attested:  VXELODVNVM on the Staffordshire Moorlands Pan
   VXELODVNVM on the Amiens Patera;  VXELODVM on the Rudge Cup
   RC Uxelludamo or Uxeludiano; (not ND Axeloduno)

WhereStanwix, now part of Carlisle, at NY402571, where Hadrian’s Wall crossed the river Eden, over a low, flood-prone area with sandbanks.

Name origin:  See here about *uxela ‘high lookout’ and here about dunum ‘ fort’.  The fort is up a slight rise (of 10 to 20 metres) across the river from Luguvalium (Carlisle), in the sort of situation where later places are often called Upton or Upper Town.

Notes:  This fort’s name is often cited as Petriana, from the cavalry regiment stationed there.  It is a twin of Segedunum at the other end of the Wall.  A parallel exists in France at Uxellodunum, probably at Le Puy d’Isollud, near Vayrac, which was the scene in 51 BC of one of the last acts of Julius Caesar’s rampage through Gaul, where people were not 100% certainly Celtic in the modern linguistic sense.  One rebel leader there was Lucterius, which looks like a precursor of Frankish Chlothar ‘lauded by the army’ and similar to the Galatian leader Lutarius, the Allemanic Leutharis, and the Briton Lugotorix.

Standard terms of use:  You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last Edited: 27 August 2016