Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,14 Ουενικονες (or Ουενικωμες)
Where: A tribe with one πολις at Horrea (probably Carpow, on the south side of the river Tay, not Monifieth on the north). Their homeland may have been in modern Fife.
Name Origin: Breeze (2006) discussed the name and ended up translating it as Celtic for ‘hunting hounds’. This relies upon PIE *wen- ‘to beat, to wound’, which led to Greek φονος ‘murder, slaughter’ (as in Bellerophon) and survives in Welsh gwân ‘stab, thrust, wound’ and in English wen ‘swelling, tumour’. A better alternative relies upon PIE *wen- ‘to love’ plus an ending like εικων ‘image’, related to Latin victima ‘beast for sacrifice’ and to Germanic forms such as wih ‘idol’. That would make the Ουενικονες ‘image lovers’, very suitable for the Picts and their symbol stones.
Last Edited: 22 July 2016