Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,9 and 2,3,11 Δαμνονιοι; possibly RC Dannoni
Where: People in central Scotland, around the Antonine Wall, with 6 settlements, including Victoria.
Name Origin: PIE *demə- ‘to tame’ led to Greek δαμναω ‘to tame, subdue’ and to Latin damno ‘to cause harm, to condemn’, which was loaned into Irish as damnaid ‘to punish’. This sounds like a description of the fate of warriors who fought the pitched battle at Mons Graupius.
Notes: Irish damna ‘heir, source material, primal matter’ does not obviously descend from that ‘tame, condemn’ root, but might perhaps fit autochthonous people. Pokorny (but not eDil) translated damnaim as ‘to train horses’. Other (unlikely) parallels include daemon. A link to the West Country Dumnonii would run contrary to Tacitus' comment about the Caledonians' appearance.
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Last edited: 26 July 2018